刘佳宁等:Decline in malaria incidence in a typical county of China: Role of climate variance and anti-malaria intervention measures
被阅读 374 次
2018-11-12
Decline in malaria incidence in a typical county of China: Role of climate variance and anti-malaria intervention measures
作者:Liu, JN (Liu, Jianing)[ 1 ] ; Wu, XX (Wu, Xiaoxu)[ 1 ] ; Li, CL (Li, Chenlu)[ 1 ] ; Zhou, S (Zhou, Sen)[ 2 ]
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
卷: 167  页: 276-282
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.07.031
出版年:NOV 2018
 
摘要
Malaria is an important vector-borne disease which is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide as well as in south China. Previous research has separately focused on the association between malaria incidence and meteorological variables or between malaria incidence and anti-malaria intervention measures in China, especially in Yunnan Province. Therefore, a typical county, Tengchong County, in Yunnan Province with high malaria incidence was selected as the study area to investigate the integrated influence of climate variance and anti-malaria intervention measures. Malaria incidence and meteorological variables were analyzed with a 2 month lag. The variables include average monthly temperature, minimum temperature, maximum temperature, cumulative precipitation, wind speed, maximum wind speed, relative humidity and minimum relative humidity. First, the principal component analysis was introduced to investigate the relationship between malaria incidence and meteorological variables; classification and regression trees were used to clarify contributions of key meteorological variables to malaria incidence afterwards. Second, based on existing anti-malaria intervention measures and above results, the integrated impact of climate variance and anti-malaria interventions on interannual trends of malaria incidence was analyzed. High malaria incidence occurred under one of the two meteorological conditions: 1) high minimum temperature combined with high minimum relative humidity or both precipitation and minimum relative humidity above middle level; 2) middle minimum temperature combined with both precipitation and minimum relative humidity below middle levels. Moreover, the steep inter annual decline of malaria incidence in Tengchong was determined by slight climate variance and persistent anti malaria intervention measures during malaria epidemics, predominantly by the latter. These findings will provide evidence data for developing malaria surveillance strategies in China.
 
作者信息
通讯作者地址: Wu, XX (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, 19 Xinjiekouwai St, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
 
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Chinese Acad Social Sci, Postdoctoral Res Stn, Beijing 100028, Peoples R China