顾行发等:The impacts of regional transport and meteorological factors on aerosol optical depth over Beijing, 1980-2014
被阅读 279 次
2018-04-26
The impacts of regional transport and meteorological factors on aerosol optical depth over Beijing, 1980-2014
作者:Gu, XF (Gu, Xingfa)[ 1 ] ; Bao, FW (Bao, Fangwen)[ 1,2 ] ; Cheng, TH (Cheng, Tianhai)[ 1 ] ; Chen, H (Chen, Hao)[ 1 ] ; Wang, Y (Wang, Ying)[ 1 ] ; Guo, H (Guo, Hong)[ 1 ]
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
卷: 8
文献号: 5113
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-22803-x
出版年: MAR 23 2018
文献类型:Article
 
摘要
Understanding the role of different sources that contribute to the aerosol extinction coefficient is an important aspect toward analyzing climate change and regional air quality. In Beijing specifically, the region has suffered severe air quality deterioration over the past three decades, but the magnitude of extraneous contributions to aerosol variation has remained uncertain. Therefore, we estimated trends of contributions to aerosol optical depth (AOD) for Beijing from 1980 to 2014 and built a seasonal regression model to decouple the extraneous contribution from the total emitted using ground-based aerosol and meteorological measurements, extended to the emissions of man-made and natural contribution. The variation of AOD over Beijing was significantly affected by the anthropogenic aerosol emissions, which experienced slight augmentation by 15.3% from 1980 to 2000, rapid inflation by 36.9% from 2000 to 2006, and a gradual decrease by 10.0% from 2006 to 2014. The extraneous contribution from wind and its associated languishing patterns explain the historical increase of regional AOD, which experienced about a 10% enhancement over the three stages. Other meteorological contributions show no significant trends over 35 years, except for the temperature inversion, which despite the weakened hygroscopic growth after 2006, still experiences a significant enhancement.
 
通讯作者地址: Cheng, TH (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China