刘迪等:Monitoring and predicting the degradation of a semi-arid wetland due to climate change and water abstraction in the Ordos Larus relictus National Nature Reserve, China
被阅读 212 次
2018-02-27
Monitoring and predicting the degradation of a semi-arid wetland due to climate change and water abstraction in the Ordos Larus relictus National Nature Reserve, China
作者:Liu, D (Liu, Di)[ 1,2 ] ; Cao, CX (Cao, Chunxiang)[ 1,3 ] ; Chen, W (Chen, Wei)[ 1,2 ] ; Ni, XL (Ni, Xiliang)[ 1,2 ] ; Tian, R (Tian, Rong)[ 1,2 ] ; Xing, XJ (Xing, Xiaojun)[ 4 ]
GEOMATICS NATURAL HAZARDS & RISK
卷: 8  期: 2  页: 367-383
DOI: 10.1080/19475705.2016.1220024
出版年: 2017
 
摘要
It is an indisputable fact that wetlands in northern China are subject to increasing pressures from climate change and other human-mediated activities, including the wetland in the Ordos Larus relictus National Nature Reserve. Dynamic monitoring the wetland's state and changes have an irreplaceable role in its protection and management but have rarely been performed systematically. In this study, the wetland land-cover changes during 1991-2014 were analyzed using three land-cover components (vegetation, soil and water) acquired through linear spectral unmixing. Then, the temporal ecological changes were predicted for the next 5-100 years using cellular automata and Markov chain models. The results showed that, under the natural and anthropogenic effects, the wetland is suffering continuous degradation. From 2000 to 2005, a dramatic change characterized by a rapid reduction in water area and a significant increase in vegetation coverage occurred. The water area decreased to its historic minimum of 1.74 km(2) in 2010. The prediction results indicated that the water area will further decrease to less than 0.1 km(2) over the next 35 years. Considering the steady decline in precipitation over the past 50 years, halting destructive human activities and artificially intervening with wetland management are reasonable alternatives to prevent additional degradation.
 
通讯作者地址: Cao, CX (通讯作者)
Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth Chinese Acad, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Cao, CX (通讯作者)
Ctr Applicat Spatial Informat Technol Publ Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth Chinese Acad, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Ctr Applicat Spatial Informat Technol Publ Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Adm Bur Ordos Larus Relictus Natl Nat Reserve, Ordos City, Peoples R China